Similarly, it's not morally[br]wrong, or evil, or wicked to believe something on[br]the basis of a bad reason.
Rather, here, what it is to[br]say that a reason is good is closely tied to the notion of truth.
A good argument is one[br]in which the premises give you a good reason for[br]the conclusion, that is, the premises make the[br]conclusion likely to be true.
In that case, we say that the argument supports the conclusion.
I teach at Northern Illinois University, and this is an introduction[br]to critical thinking. And third, what's the difference between deductive and ampliative arguments? Well, fundamentally, critical thinking is about making sure that you have good reasons for your beliefs. So suppose that you and your friend are talking about who's[br]gonna be at tonight's party.
In this lesson, we're gonna[br]talk about three things. And she says to you, quite confidently, "Monty won't be at the party." You're not sure whether[br]or not to believe her, so it would be natural[br]for you to follow up by asking, "Why do you think so?Examples of elements of critical thinking In The Community College Experience, Amy Baldwin offers six critical thinking steps to solve any problem: Internal links Critical Thinking Courses Note that only English 102 and 103 are accepted for the critical thinking requirement in the UC system.The other courses listed below are accepted for the critical thinking requirement in the CSU system.Rational people want to have true beliefs, and they want not to have false beliefs.And the best way to be[br]rational in this way is to form beliefs only when you find good reasons for them.In Becoming a Critical Thinker, Sherry Diestler defines a critical thinker as someone who uses specific criteria to evaluate reasoning and make decisions.In other words, someone who thinks critically does not accept information at face value.First, she might say, "I can't stand him, and I want to have a good time." Second, she might say,[br]"Well, he's really shy, and he rarely goes to parties." And third, she might say, "He's in Beijing, and it's impossible to get here from[br]Beijing in an afternoon." The first response that she gives you does not give you a good reason to believe that Monty won't be at the party.The second reason,[br]though, is a good reason to believe that Monty[br]won't be at the party.I'm not using it to indicate anything having to do with morality or ethics.So it's not morally right or morally good to believe something on[br]the basis of good reasons.