Social Darwinism Herbert Spencer Essays

Social Darwinism Herbert Spencer Essays-79
The good society, according to Spencer, is thus, based completely upon contracts between individuals pursuing their respective interests unhindered by the state interference.1.

The good society, according to Spencer, is thus, based completely upon contracts between individuals pursuing their respective interests unhindered by the state interference.1.

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The theory was being used to justify the imposition of the politico-economic domination of the whites over non-whites.

It thus became an ideological theory for justifying the exploitation of exploiters and for protecting the vested interests of the imperialists.2.

Why the principle of the “survival of the fittest” is not operating in these nations? This theory does not take into account that people in the category of the poor and labour class are suffering from problems and seem to be “less fit ones”, not because they are basically incapable and less fit, but they have become the victims of socially organised coercions.6.

“As an argument, Social Darwinism is deeply flawed and has little, if any, credibility among with contemporary social scientists.

Spencer opposed almost all forms of state interference with private property.

“He insisted that the state had no business in education, health and sanitation, postal service, money and banking, regulation of housing conditions or the elimination of poverty.

It is the law of the nature that the weak should be eliminated for the sake of the strong.

He believed that the rapid elimination of unfit individuals from society through natural selection would benefit the race biologically.

As such, it could always be used to justify the status quo, beginning with racial and other forms of social oppression and imperialism. In the circle of social theorists, the theory of Social Darwinism, exists only pejoratively,8.

Volume 1 of a three volume collection of Spencer’s essays which cover political philosophy, sociology, science, and current affairs. This material is put online to further the educational goals of Liberty Fund, Inc.

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    Origin of the term. Despite the fact that Social Darwinism bears Charles Darwin's name, it is also linked today with others, notably Herbert Spencer, Thomas Malthus, and Francis Galton, the founder of eugenics. In fact, Spencer was not described as a social Darwinist until the 1930s, long after his death.…

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    The theory was also used to justify racist and imperialist policies in Europe and the United States. Social Darwinist ideas fell from grace in the early 20th century; Herbert Spencer’s reputation as a philosopher and social theorist toppled with it. Spencer once wrote of society.…

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    When Herbert Spencer and William Graham Sumner applied their survival of the fittest doctrine to a free society, they reached conclusions that differed radically from the position attributed to social Darwinists. True, the sacrifice of one individual for the benefit of another is the general rule for lower life forms.…

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