There are different spine-related problems that can cause or contribute to the develop of retrolisthesis.
The partial list below are disorders that can affect the spine’s structures—that being, the individual anatomical parts (eg, bones, ligaments) that help maintain the spine's stability and normal function.
The spinal disorder retrolisthesis is the opposite of spondylolisthesis.
Retrolistheses are most easily diagnosed on lateral x-ray views of the spine.
Views where care has been taken to expose for a true lateral view without any rotation offer the best diagnostic quality.
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A retrolisthesis is a posterior displacement of one vertebral body with respect to the subjacent vertebra to a degree less than a luxation (dislocation).
Another term for either disorder is vertebral displacement. Both disorders can develop at any vertebral level in the spinal column, although the cervical (neck) and lumbar (low back) regions are more common.
The neck is subjected to stresses as it supports the , and absorbs and distributes forces while at rest and during physical function.