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In the "Second Treatise" Nietzsche advances his thesis that the origin of the institution of punishment is in a straightforward (pre-moral) creditor/debtor relationship.Man relies on the apparatus of forgetfulness [which has been "bred" into him] in order not to become bogged down in the past.
But the judgment "good", according to Nietzsche, originates not with the beneficiaries of altruistic actions.
Rather, the good themselves (the powerful) coined the term "good".
The three Abhandlungen trace episodes in the evolution of moral concepts with a view to confronting "moral prejudices", specifically those of Christianity and Judaism.
Some Nietzsche scholars consider Genealogy to be a work of sustained brilliance and power as well as his masterpiece.
In the "good/bad" distinction, "good" is synonymous with nobility and everything which is powerful and life-asserting; in the "good/evil" distinction, which Nietzsche calls "slave morality", the meaning of "good" is made the antithesis of the original aristocratic "good", which itself is re-labelled "evil".
This inversion of values develops out of the ressentiment of the powerful by the weak.This imaginary "good" (the delusion of the weak) replaces the aristocratic "good" (the strong decide) which in turn is rebranded "evil", to replace "bad", which to the noble meant "worthless" and "ill-born" (as in the Greek words κακος and δειλος).In the First Treatise, Nietzsche introduces one of his most controversial images, the "blond beast".Though, at the same time, his examples of blond beasts include such peoples as the Japanese and Arabic nobilities of antiquity (§11), suggesting that being a blond beast has more to do with one's morality than one's race.Nietzsche expressly insists it is a mistake to hold beasts of prey to be "evil", for their actions stem from their inherent strength, rather than any malicious intent.Nietzsche's treatise outlines his thoughts "on the origin of our moral prejudices" previously given brief expression in his Human, All Too Human (1878).Nietzsche attributes the desire to publish his "hypotheses" on the origins of morality to reading his friend Paul Rée's book The Origin of the Moral Sensations (1877) and finding the "genealogical hypotheses" offered there unsatisfactory.This forgetfulness is, according to Nietzsche, an active "faculty of repression", not mere inertia or absentmindedness.Man needs to develop an active faculty to work in opposition to this, so promises necessary for exercising control over the future can be made: this is memory.Only the weak need the illusion of the subject (or soul) to hold their actions together as a unity.But they have no right to make the bird of prey accountable for being a bird of prey.