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Depending on the goals of each component, the phases of data collection can be either sequential or concurrent.
It is almost a given that you will encounter problems when collecting or generating your data, or, gaps will exist in existing data or archival materials.
Do not ignore these problems or pretend they did not occur. Don't avoid using a quantitative approach to analyzing your research problem just because you fear the idea of applying statistical designs and tests.
Introspectively engage in an ongoing dialectic between the application of theories and methods to help enable you to use the outcomes from your methods to interrogate and develop new theories, or ways of framing conceptually the research problem.
This is how scholarship grows and branches out into new intellectual territory.
The introduction to your methodology section should begin by restating the research problem and underlying assumptions underpinning your study.
This is followed by situating the methods you will use to gather, analyze, and process information within the overall “tradition” of your field of study and within the particular research design you have chosen to study the problem.
Often, documenting how you overcame obstacles can form an interesting part of the methodology. The Structure, Format, Content, and Style of a Journal-Style Scientific Paper. A qualitative approach, such as conducting interviews or content analysis of archival texts, can yield exciting new insights about a research problem, but it should not be undertaken simply because you have a disdain for running a simple regression.
It demonstrates to the reader that you can provide a cogent rationale for the decisions you made to minimize the impact of any problems that arose. Institute of Public and International Affairs, University of Utah; Writing the Experimental Report: Methods, Results, and Discussion. A well designed quantitative research study can often be accomplished in very clear and direct ways, whereas, a similar study of a qualitative nature usually requires considerable time to analyze large volumes of data and a tremendous burden to create new paths for analysis where previously no path associated with your research problem had existed.
Just as the literature review section of your paper provides an overview of sources you have examined while researching a particular topic, the methodology section should cite any sources that informed your choice and application of a particular method [i.e., the choice of a survey should include any citations to the works you used to help construct the survey]. University of Wisconsin, Madison; Rudestam, Kjell Erik and Rae R. “The Method Chapter: Describing Your Research Plan.” In . There can be multiple meaning associated with the term "theories" and the term "methods" in social sciences research.
A description of a research study's method should not be confused with a description of the sources of information. A helpful way to delineate between them is to understand "theories" as representing different ways of characterizing the social world when you research it and "methods" as representing different ways of generating and analyzing data about that social world.