Literature Review On Food Security In Nigeria

Literature Review On Food Security In Nigeria-84
The increase has been higher in the semi-arid regions and lower in the coastal zone; the rate of change has increased since the 1970s.

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Man suffers various environmental changes as a result of inappropriate agricultural practices coupled with unscrupulous destructions of various important elements in the environment.

Climate change is perhaps the most serious environmental threat to the fight against hunger, malnutrition, disease and poverty in Africa, mainly through its impact on agricultural productivity.

Food security is the outcome of food system processes all along the food chain; climate change will affect food security through its impacts on all components of global, national and local food system.

The definition of food security as adopted at the World Food Summit (WFS) in November 1996 says that; “food security exists when all people at all times have physical or economic access to sufficient safe and nutritious food to meet their dietary needs and food preferences for an active and healthy life” ( FAO, 1996).

Rough estimates suggest that over the next 50years or so climatic change will likely have a serious threat to meeting global food needs than any other constraints on agricultural system. Available evidence shows that climate change is global; sea level rose about 17 centimetres (6.7 inches) in the last century and the rate has doubled in the last decade, there has been a rise in the global temperature even though the 2000s witnessed a solar output decline resulting in an unusually deep solar minimum in 2007-2009, surface temperatures continue to increase, glaciers are retreating almost everywhere around the world including in the Alps, Himalayas, Andes, Rockies, Alaska and Africa, likewise its impacts but the most adverse effects will be felt mainly by developing countries, especially those in Africa, due to their low level of coping capabilities (Nwafor 2007; Jagtap 2007).

Nigeria is viewed as one of these developing countries (Odjugo, 2010).

The recent changes in the climate have been linked with the increase in greenhouse gases (GHG) on the atmosphere in addition to anthropogenic activities and support emissions of other artificial chlorocarbons (Olanrewaju, 2003).

Climate change is also believed to result from the effect of global warming on the environment.

Climate change often appears very esoteric but in Nigeria; it is real, Currently there is an increasing incidence of disease, declining agricultural productivity, and rising incidences of heat waves (Stringer et al., 2009).

The threat that climate change poses to agricultural production does not only cover the area of crop husbandry but also includes livestock and in fact the total agricultural sector.

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Comments Literature Review On Food Security In Nigeria

  • Categorizing households into different food security states in.
    Reply

    Apr 19, 2017. The literature reiterates the need to employ indicators that reflect the. Dietary diversity Food security Food expenditure Determinants Household Nigeria. This study harmonizes indicators of food security in order to reflect its.…

  • Measuring food security status among households in Osun.
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    Jul 4, 2016. This method has proven to be efficient in measuring food security at household level. – The results. Literature review. Bello 2009 employed the household consumption survey to investigate the food insecurity in Nigeria.…

  • Assessment of Food Security Status among Rural Farming.
    Reply

    Nigerian Institute of Social and Economic Research NISER Ibadan, Oyo State [email protected] Abstract This study assesses food security status among farming households in Guma local government area. LITERATURE REVIEW.…

  • An Econometric Analysis of Food Security and Agricultural.
    Reply

    An Econometric Analysis of Food Security and Agricultural Credit Facilities in Nigeria. The study employed the Autoregressive Distribution Lag ARDL. Bank of Nigeria CBN statistical bulletin, Food and Agriculture Organisation FAO and the World. "Open access journals are a novel concept in the medical literature.…

  • Access to common resources and food security Evidence.
    Reply

    Jan 24, 2018. Echoing existing literature, the relative importance of these commons. Sustainably responding to the food and nutrition security challenge therefore. The data source is the Nigerian General Household Survey GHS.…

  • History of Food Security - FAO
    Reply

    Mar 19, 2012. the concepts surrounding hunger, famine and food security are blurred and. review the change in perception of food security over the last 75 years or so. A lot of recent literature is available on this topic which will thus. economic decisions taken in the neighboring Nigeria resulted in an unforeseen.…

  • Achieving Sustainable Food Security in Nigeria - Covenant.
    Reply

    Is an attempt to evaluate food security situation in Nigeria from. Sustainable food security is an access by all people at all. is theoretical literature review.…

  • Technical Efficiency-Food Security Nexus in Kaduna. - Jstor
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    State, Nigeria A Case Study of Poultry Egg Farmers. sustainable food security in the study area using primary data. The data were analysed. available literature, studies have been carried out on technical efficiency of poultry farmers in.…

  • Linkages between Livelihood, Food Security, Economic.
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    Livelihoods of vulnerable households by linking them to food security interventions and. overseeing the literature review and draft LIFT logic model; and finally, Khou Xiong of. commercial sex workers in Lagos metropolis, Nigeria.…

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