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Step Three: Find relevant excerpts in your books and articles: Skim the contents of each book and article and look specifically for these five things: 1.Claims, conclusions, and findings about the constructs you are investigating 2. Calls for follow-up studies relevant to your project 4. Disagreement about the constructs you are investigating When you find any of these five things, type the relevant excerpt directly into a Word document. If there are excerpts that you can’t figure out where they belong, separate those and go over them again at the end to see if you need new categories.
Use that mini-conceptual schema to write up your literature review based on the excerpts that you have in front of you.
Don’t forget to include the citations as you write, so as not to lose track of who said what.
Do this for each article and book that you have in your stack of literature. Step Four: Code the literature: Get out a pair of scissors and cut each excerpt out. Print this out, and cut the titles into individual slips of paper.
Take the slips of paper to a table or large workspace and figure out the best way to organize them.
Repeat this for each section of your literature review.
Once you complete these six steps, you will have a complete draft of your literature review.Step Six: Begin to Write Your Literature Review: Choose any section of your conceptual schema to begin with.You can begin anywhere, because you already know the order.The analytical features of a literature review might: It is important to think of knowledge in a given field as consisting of three layers.First, there are the primary studies that researchers conduct and publish.Find the envelope with the excerpts in them and lay them on the table in front of you.Figure out a mini-conceptual schema based on that theme by grouping together those excerpts that say the same thing.Set a specific time frame for how long you will search.It should not take more than two or three dedicated sessions.Are there ideas that go together or that are in dialogue with each other? Move around the slips of paper until you come up with a way of organizing the codes that makes sense.Write the conceptual schema down before you forget or someone cleans up your slips of paper.