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While in Samos, he mastered the Ionic dialect, and wrote a history in nine books, starting with Cyrus the Persian, and Candaules, the king of the Lydians.He returned to Halicarnassus and drove out the tyrant, but afterward, when he saw that he was hated by the citizens, he went as a volunteer to Thurii when it was being colonized by Athens, and there he died and was buried in the marketplace.Olbia was the most important Greek city on the Black sea, and for Herodotus it was the natural center from which he could learn about the Scythians and the lands they inhabit.
He was aware of the differences between the Greeks and the barbarians, but he does not treat the foreigners as inherently inferior.
In fact, he sees them as equals to the Greeks in many ways, highlighting their courage and strength.
It is believed that Herodotus first traveled to the north, which makes sense given his inquisitive nature.
To the south lay Egypt, a country well known to the Greeks, and one with whom there were "long and ancient ties." All countries to the east of Greece were still under Persian control at this time, and to the west, Greeks had explored and founded colonies all the way to Massilia (Marseille).
Some say that Athens, too, had reached the height of her imperialism, and the Peloponnesian war would bring to Athens what the war Herodotus wrote about brought to Persia. The Life and Travels of Herodotus People sometimes let their own experiences filter the way they interpret the events of the past.
The author of the History wanted to do more than retell the events of the past, he want to prove a point and make sure the people of the future remembered and learned from the events of the past. For this reason it is important that anyone seeking to study the work of another--whether a history, a diary, or even a personal letter--should devote some effort to the study of that person's life. If there is some deeper meaning to the history that someone creates, the key to unlocking that meaning will be found in his past.There is also speculation that the family may have had partially non-Greek origins not mentioned in the biography, since the father's name and that of another male relative, Panyassis, is Carian, not Hellenic.This mixed heritage and Halikarnassos' position on the edge of the Hellenic world would have given Herodotus the historian a unique viewpoint among Greeks.The North, however, was a vast, unexplored mystery.There were scattered Greek settlements on the coasts of the Black Sea, but beyond them, the wilderness of Thrace and Scythia beckoned.By David Pipes It was in the early days of the Peloponnesian War that Herodotus completed his History and published it. It was not a chronicle, nor was it a local history.It was historia-- researches into a major event of the past.Because of this, the accounts of his travels in the region are sparse relating mainly to comments on the climate, which was bitterly cold, and the customs and traditions of the people near the shores where the Greeks stopped to ply their trade.From these limited sources, however, Herodotus was able to infer with incredible accuracy the origins of the Scythians.Herodotus sailed north from Samos, following the coast of Asia minor and to the Hellespont.After sailing to various spots in the Sea of Mamara, he then traveled through the Bosphorus, visiting the city of Byzantium, barely a hundred years old at this time, and Chalcedon.