Frankenstein As A Gothic Novel Critical Essays

Frankenstein As A Gothic Novel Critical Essays-59
The very creation of the creature can be seen as evil or gothic In numerous ways: it was formed from dead criminal’s body parts that Victor stole, Its creation was illegal, forbidden and unholy and yet created in an abandoned church (sacred place) and It was created out of insanity and immoral desperation.Also, at the instant of creating the creature Victor regrets every moment he spent working on it; he is clearly a confused and perhaps evil man.Shelley continues to amount the emotions; ‘I had desired it with an ardour that far exceeded moderation’.

The very creation of the creature can be seen as evil or gothic In numerous ways: it was formed from dead criminal’s body parts that Victor stole, Its creation was illegal, forbidden and unholy and yet created in an abandoned church (sacred place) and It was created out of insanity and immoral desperation.Also, at the instant of creating the creature Victor regrets every moment he spent working on it; he is clearly a confused and perhaps evil man.Shelley continues to amount the emotions; ‘I had desired it with an ardour that far exceeded moderation’.

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The character that, above all appears the most gothic is Victor, the main character; Shelley portrays Victor as gothic throughout the novel; Victor is given strong emotions and his desire to achieve the creation; ‘life’ is one that can be seen as gothic, especially when combined with the persistence and strife with which Victor conducts he wishes to achieve this.

One way in which the gothic genre is portrayed is in the scenery and description of it for example is Victor’s laboratory, located in an abandoned desolate church, and described with language typical of a gothic novel This can be clearly seen as gothic, the laboratory is clearly a focus for Shelley to give an insight into the it exposes aspects of religion and desolation, Victor is committing a ‘terrible’ act that is both illegal and immoral in a most sacred building, where this act could be described as controversial and gothic.

Pathetic fallacy is often a feature of the gothic genre. When something is wrong or there is evil nearby the weather is usually dark, stormy or agitated.

Pathetic fallacy adds a great deal of tension to any novel as it brings more tension and further hints to the reader as to the events to follow.

Many authors and literary authorities consider the gothic genre to be a genre that simply exposes ‘gloom and terror’ or perhaps an older version of the recently developed ‘science fiction genre’; created as a result of the technology boom giving rise to a lifestyle of infinite development, leading to doubts and suspicions of what might be possible and what evils they may contain, this is a key aspect of the science fiction genre and ultimately the gothic genre. If applied to this definition of gothic, Frankenstein is clearly a gothic novel, most characters in the book close to Victor, (the character who we are following) are killed, by his creation- the creature, in a miserable path of terror and destruction, involving Victor chasing the creature as it discovers more about its creator whilst killing all people relevant to its conception in its path.

The topic of isolation, separation from society and normality, segregation and deprivation are main features of both the gothic genre and of Frankenstein, in my opinion Shelley describes Victor as being alone for so long as she wants to give the reader an insight into the sheer insanity and abnormality that Victor is expressing during the period he spends working on the creature.

Yet it is hard to define Gothic in any single way, for its conventions and their meanings depend upon the historical, ideological context in which they were created and construed.

Cultural criticism endeavors to reconstruct Gothic, as far as it can, by exploring the ways in which its writers and readers understood its intention and its impact.

An example of this is the outbreak of cholera in Ingolstadt at the point when Victor is at his most distressed and most ill.

This outbreak represents Victor’s anguish and ill state whilst simultaneously adding further tension and stress to the novel at a time when the general aura can already be considered as stressful and troubled.

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