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With the nature of government at the heart of both Philosophers ' most important accounts, Hobbes and Locke both began their government views with separate ideas of a state of nature, or a pre-political, society.Eventually transitioning into two differing views of an acceptable form of government within a society, Thomas Hobbes and John Locke ended their philosophical "careers" with different views of what a government should look like.... He said that government should be like a contract and people can overthrow the government if the government abuses his or her position.
Thomas Hobbes (The Leviathan), John Locke (Second Treatise of Government), and Jean-Jacques Rousseau (Social Contract) discusses what they believe the Social Contract Theory.
Each philosopher has different views depending on their understandings of human nature, the nature of the contract, the legitimate powers of the government, and the obligations of the citizens and political authority....
Liberal contract theorists, such as John Locke, Thomas Jefferson, James Madison, and Adam Smith, are seen as committed to the protection of individual rights above all other powers.
On the other hand, many critics such as, Karl Marx, Carole Pateman, and Charles Mills, address foundational issues that the liberal theorists omit....
[tags: Political philosophy, Democracy, John Locke] - John Locke, Rousseau, and Napoleon all have very different views on what would make a good society.
Locke uses a democracy/republican type view that many countries still model after today.
[tags: Property, John Locke, Liberty, Ownership] - Authority over property, by the law of nature, is given to the individual to which it is owned.
Therefore, the premise presented by John Locke, in Second Treatise of Government, in which a government cannot legitimately infringe upon individuals’ property without their consent, is correct.
[tags: Political philosophy, John Locke] - Throughout history, man has sought after the preservation of his natural rights.
The idea of protecting these rights has put many political thinkers into conversation with one another, opening the door to a plethora of ideas and critiques on these important ideas.