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Girls are more commonly introduced to the colour pink, dolls, dresses, and playing house where they are taking care of the dolls as if they were children.The norm of blue is for boys and pink is for girls is cultural and has not always historically been around.Gender inequality acknowledges that men and women are not equal and that gender affects an individual's lived experience.
These different capabilities make the genders vary in the types of jobs they are suited for.
This can be specifically viewed with the gendered division between manual and non-manual labor.
though it is not clear to what extent this is a biological difference - see Life expectancy.
Men have larger lung volumes and more circulating blood cells and clotting factors, while women have more circulating white blood cells and produce antibodies faster.
Men and women have better visuospatial and verbal memory, respectively.
These changes are influenced by the male sex hormone testosterone, which increases visuospatial memory in both genders when administered.
This has historically been understood as a cause of the gendered wage gap but is no longer a predominant cause as women and men in certain occupations tend to have similar education levels or other credentials.
Even when such characteristics of jobs and workers are controlled for, the presence of women within a certain occupation leads to lower wages.
These factors result in 60% to 75% difference between men's and women's average aggregate wages or salaries, depending on the source.
Various explanations for the remaining 25% to 40% have been suggested, including women's lower willingness and ability to negotiate salary and sexual discrimination.