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Particular states of mind, for example, the sound of a violin, the smell of perfume, seeing the blue of a clear sky seem not capable of being divided. , the body has been shown to be divisible but nothing has been taken away from the mind. If we consider the mind to be a set of faculties or capacities, then it does seem that we can lose some and that, therefore, the mind is in this sense divisible. Any number can be divided and so any measurement can be divided. INDIVISIBILITY: the mind, by contrast, is thought of in qualitative terms. , half the volume or a less intense smell but that is not the same as dividing. In short, we cannot conceive of half a mind while we can always conceive of half of a body, however small. Descartes argues that if a foot were amputated, i.e. It can be argued that in the case of brain damage, there may be a loss of mental faculties; for example, a patient might lose part of memory, or the capacity to smell; think of the effects of dementia on mental capacity.
(There are many other arguments that could be used in support of his position and many objections to substance dualism.
) MIND/ BODY DISTINCTION Descartes proves his own existence as a mind or thinking thing (res cogitans) in Meditation II. Therefore, I who am doubting and thinking am not a body. In short, I cannot doubt that I exist (as a mind, a thinking thing, res cogitans) but I can doubt that I have a body (a physical object).
The mind is about mental processes, thought and consciousness.
The body is about the physical aspects of the brain-neurons and how the brain is structured.
If the brain is damaged in certain ways, the mind is diminished in certain ways. This conflict implies that there are separate entities within us, that the mind is not one homogeneous whole but a set of different parts. Reference: Meditation VI : SUMMARY: I know that whatever I clearly and distinctly perceive as separate (or as two different things) can be created by God as separate (or as two different things).
Essay On Mind Body Dualism
Remember that Descartes thought that the mind was a completely separate entity from the brain; modern science has strongly implied that, whether dualism is true or not, what happens in the mind is very closely related to what happens in the brain. For example, we are tempted (by the cream cake, by the wish to drive fast, by the wish to be lazy) and we desire to resist temptation (to become slim, to be safe drivers, to work hard).But after Descartes it was impossible to believe in them any more. But now you can’t catch a ghost, and immediately you have a self-contradiction on your hand. Since you can’t see thought-like things, not even under a microscope, how come we can see ghosts? Conclusion: There are no ghosts, only people believing they saw them, in other words, hallucinating. Below are the arguments presented by Descartes himself to justify his substance dualism. Therefore, mashed potato is not the same as carbohydrate (and, by implication, mashed potato could exist without carbohydrate). Clearly there is something wrong with this argument. On the other hand I have a distinct idea of my body as an extended, non-thinking thing. I know that I exist and I clearly and distinctly see that nothing else belongs to my essential nature except that I am a non-extended thinking thing. Try Dr Jekyll and Mr Hyde or devise your own example to make the point. Perhaps the fallacy in the argument is that when Descartes introduces the ideas of doubting and of not doubting, he is referring to two different ways of thinking that he finds in himself.The mind and body problem concerns the extent to which the mind and the body are separate or the same thing.Many theories have been put forward to explain the relationship between what we call your mind (defined as the conscious thinking 'you' which experiences your thoughts) and your brain (i.e., part of your body). We have weight, solidity and consist of a variety of solids, liquids and gases. rocks) humans also have the ability to form judgments and reason their existence. Typically humans are characterized as having both a mind (nonphysical) and body/brain (physical). Dualism is the view that the mind and body both exist as separate entities.Descartes / Cartesian dualism argues that there is a two-way interaction between mental and physical substances.Most of the previous accounts of the relationship between mind and body had been uni-directional.Materialism is the belief that nothing exists apart from the material world (i.e.