by changing the situation being studied or causing participants to behave differently).They also critically examine their methods and conclusions for any possible bias.
It is about recording, analysing and attempting to uncover the deeper meaning and significance of human behaviour and experience, including contradictory beliefs, behaviours and emotions.
The analysis enables the researchers to determine to what extent there is a relationship between two or more variables. people who exercise on a daily basis have lower blood pressure) or a causal relationship (e.g.
daily exercise actually leads to lower blood pressure).
In order to find answers to these questions, the researchers will also have various instruments and materials (e.g.
paper or computer tests, observation check lists etc.) and a clearly defined plan of action.