Christianity Vs Islam Essay

Christianity Vs Islam Essay-47
Christianity and Islam also coexist with each other.Many Christians and Muslims in sub-Saharan Africa describe members of the other faith as tolerant and honest.(View a PDF map of the 19 countries surveyed.) Our survey asked people to describe their religious beliefs and practices.

Christianity and Islam also coexist with each other.Many Christians and Muslims in sub-Saharan Africa describe members of the other faith as tolerant and honest.(View a PDF map of the 19 countries surveyed.) Our survey asked people to describe their religious beliefs and practices.

Large majorities say they belong to one of these faiths, and, in sharp contrast with Europe and the United States, very few people are religiously unaffiliated.

Despite the dominance of Christianity and Islam, traditional African religious beliefs and practices have not disappeared. Whether or not this entails some theological tension, it is a reality in people’s lives: Large numbers of Africans actively participate in Christianity or Islam yet also believe in witchcraft, evil spirits, sacrifices to ancestors, traditional religious healers, reincarnation and other elements of traditional African religions.

Africans have long been seen as devout and morally conservative, and the survey largely confirms this.

But insofar as the conventional wisdom has been that Africans are lacking in tolerance for people of other faiths, it may need rethinking.

But how do sub-Saharan Africans view the role of religion in their lives and societies?

To address this question, the Pew Research Center’s Forum on Religion & Public Life, with generous funding from The Pew Charitable Trusts and the John Templeton Foundation, conducted a major public opinion survey involving more than 25,000 face-to-face interviews in more than 60 languages or dialects in 19 countries, representing 75% of the total population of sub-Saharan Africa.Many support democracy and say it is a good thing that people from other religions are able to practice their faith freely.At the same time, they also favor making the Bible or sharia law the official law of the land.In most countries, relatively few see evidence of widespread anti-Muslim or anti-Christian hostility, and on the whole they give their governments high marks for treating both religious groups fairly.But they acknowledge that they know relatively little about each other’s faith, and substantial numbers of African Christians (roughly 40% or more in a dozen nations) say they consider Muslims to be violent.In total, the countries surveyed contain three-quarters of the total population of sub-Saharan Africa.In addition, the 19-nation survey finds: Large majorities in all the countries surveyed say they believe in one God and in heaven and hell, and large numbers of Christians and Muslims alike believe in the literal truth of their scriptures (either the Bible or the Koran).The report also may pose some apparent paradoxes, at least to Western readers.The survey findings suggest that many Africans are deeply committed to Islam or Christianity and yet continue to practice elements of traditional African religions.To some outside observers, this is a volatile religious fault line—the site, for example, of al-Qaeda’s first major terrorist strike, the bombing of the U. embassies in Kenya and Tanzania in 1998, and more recently of ethnic and sectarian bloodshed in Nigeria, where hundreds of Muslims and Christians have been killed.To others, religion is not so much a source of conflict as a source of hope in sub- Saharan Africa, where religious leaders and movements are a major force in civil society and a key provider of relief and development for the needy, particularly given the widespread reality of failed states and collapsing government services.

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