While there is broad agreement on some ethical values (for example, that murder is bad), there is also wide variation on how exactly these values should be interpreted in practice.
Research ethics are the set of ethics that govern how scientific and other research is performed at research institutions such as universities, and how it is disseminated.
Using 94 published empirical articles in academic journals as a data base, this paper provides a critical review of the methodology employed in the study of ethical beliefs and behavior of organizational members.
The review revealed that full methodological detail was provided in less than one half of the articles.
When you publish your research, whether as a thesis or in one or more journal articles, you will need to provide details of the ethical approval, including this number.
…and think you may have an ethical dilemma, then you should always seek advice before you act.
As a researcher, you should consult more senior colleagues around, either at your own institution or others, who should be happy to help you.
After all, it is in everyone’s interests to promote research ethics, and support the integrity and reputation of research.
The committee may also suggest alternative methods that they think are more suitable for the target group, or additional precautions that you should take.
You cannot start your research until you have been granted ethical approval, which will be granted formally, together with an approval number.