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While separate as fields of study, on a real project change management and project managementare integrated.The steps and activities move in unison as teams work to move from the current state to the desired future state.
While many of us know intuitively what change management is, we have a hard time conveying to others what we really mean.
In thinking about how to define change management, it is important to provide context related to two other concepts: the change itself and project management.
Change typically results as a reaction to specific problems or opportunities the organization is facing based on internal or external stimuli.
While the notion of becoming “more competitive” or “closer to the customer” or “more efficient” can be the motivation to change, at some point these goals must be transformed into the specific impacts on processes, systems, organization structures or job roles. It is not enough to merely prescribe the change and expect it to happen; creating change within an organization takes hard work and an understanding of what must actually take place to make the change happen.
Change management and project management are two critical disciplines that are applied to a variety of organizational changes to improve the likelihood of success and return on investment.
When you introduce a change to the organization, you are ultimately going to be impacting one or more of the following: While there are numerous approaches and tools that can be used to improve the organization, all of them ultimately prescribe adjustments to one or more of the four parts of the organization listed above.
Change management incorporates the organizational tools that can be utilized to help individuals make successful personal transitions resulting in the adoption and realization of change.
As shown above, both project management and change management support moving an organization from a current state (how things are done today), through a transition state to a desired future state (the new processes, systems, organization structures or job roles defined by the change).
Project management is accomplished through the application and integration of the project management processes of initiating, planning, executing, monitoring and controlling, and closing.
Change management is the process, tools and techniques to manage the people side of change to achieve the required business outcome.