The slippage most commonly occurs in the lowest part of the spine, between the 5 sacral vertebrate, although it may occur at higher levels in the lumbar spine.It is caused by a stress fracture in the back portion of the spine, an area known as the pars articularis.
Spondylolisthesis is divided into 5 main types, based on the cause of the vertebrate slippage.
These types are: Isthmic: This is the most common type of spondylolisthesis in adolescents and young adults.
The causes, severity, and symptoms associated with spondylolisthesis are quite variable.
Many people with spondylolisthesis have no symptoms while others may have chronic low back pain, leg pain, or neurogenic claudication from spinal stenosis.
The lumbar vertebrae are in the lower back and closest to the tailbone. Sometimes the front and back parts of one of the vertebra aren't connected.
This happens because of a fracture (break) in the part of the vertebra called the pars (or pars interarticularis).Each vertebra has two pars, one on the left side and one on the right.If both pars are fractured, the front part of the vertebra can slide away from the back part.Besides doing a physical exam, health care providers will order X-rays of the lower back to look for spondylolisthesis.X-rays can show if a vertebra has slipped out of place.Only in rare cases is surgery needed to fix the condition.As with spondylolysis, health care professionals probably will recommend: If mild spondylolisthesis doesn't heal properly, kids can have chronic back pain and a loss of flexibility.They should maintain their core strength and flexibility, and take breaks between sports seasons, games, and competitions.Also, be sure that your kids know to immediately stop doing any activity that causes back pain.When there are symptoms, they often include: Young people are more at risk for spondylolysis and spondylolisthesis because their bones are still growing, especially during a growth spurt.Kids and teens who play sports and do activities that can strain the lower back or that involve a lot of lower-back stretching — like football, weightlifting, gymnastics, volleyball, ballet, golf, and wrestling — are especially likely to have these problems.