In the process I describe below the spiral is an important feature.For some writers action research is primarily qualitative.At the very least, intention or planning precedes action, and critique or review follows. I will later argue that this has considerable advantages.
I think it is also more easily defended than some other forms.
I write as a practitioner in a psychology department where action research is viewed with some scepticism.
This background material is followed by two practical sections.
The first of them describes how action research can be carried out.
In all of this, it is not my intention to argue against other research paradigms.
For some purposes quantitative, or reductionist, or hypothesis-testing approaches, alone or together, are much more appropriate.
Should you choose to do an action research study this paper will then help you to do so more effectively and with less risk.
Nor do I have any objection to quantitative research.
A format for writing up the research is then presented.
The form of action research described is one which uses a cyclic or spiral process.